Difference between revisions of "Security Camera (2.10+)"

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==Sending to a Display Screen==
==Sending the camera's view to a Display Screen==


You can create a display screen: all that's needed is a func_static patch that uses the shader ''textures/darkmod/camera''. It's recommended to put another patch behind it, since this func_static will get hidden if it's switched off. The screen then needs to be given a spawnarg "cameraTarget" that names either a security camera or a different entity, typically a target_null. The screen will display what that entity sees.
You can create a display screen that shows that the camera sees: all that's needed is a func_static patch that uses a texture like ''textures/common/camera/camera1''. It's recommended to put another patch behind it, since this func_static will get hidden if it's switched off. The screen then needs to be given a spawnarg "cameraTarget" that names either a security camera or a different entity, typically a target_null. The screen will display what that entity sees.


Using a security camera has the advantage that you can easily turn the display screen on or off simply by triggering the security camera. If you're using the view from another entity type, switching the screen on/off requires taking advantage of a security camera's coding with the following setup:
To change the screen's field of view, apply the spawnargs "cameraFovX" and "cameraFovY" to the entity sending the view. Otherwise it will default to "scanFov" for security cameras or 120 for other entities.
* display_screen with a "cameraTarget" spawnarg pointing to the entity whose view you want
 
* a security camera with a "cameraTarget" spawnarg pointing to the same entity as above. It doesn't matter where this camera is.
The screen is hidden or shown automatically if the screen is displaying a security camera's view. The screen can also be switched on/off manually by triggering it, but this requires the screen to start with the spawnarg "hide" "0" or "hide" "1".
* a button that targets the security camera. Triggering the security camera will toggle the screen display.




===Multiple Display Screens / Reflective Water / Skybox===
===Multiple Display Screens / Reflective Water / Skybox===


If you plan to use more than one camera with display screens in your mission, or if the camera display will appear in the same player POV as the sky or reflective water surfaces, you'll need to use unique camera materials for each screen. You can find 9 additional camera materials in the textures/common/camera/ folder. If you should need even more, you can simply clone one of the materials and change the name after the ''map'' keyword.
If you plan to have multiple security cameras sending to multiple display screens in your mission, or if the camera display will appear in the same player POV as the sky or reflective water surfaces, you'll need to use unique camera materials for each screen. You can find 9 additional camera materials in the textures/common/camera/ folder. If you should need even more, you can simply clone one of the materials and change the name after the ''map'' keyword.
 


==Examining a Test Map==
==Examining a Test Map==

Revision as of 14:21, 17 February 2021

Security Camera

This article documents the security camera as it will be from 2.10 onwards. See Security Camera if you're currently working with TDM 2.09 or older versions.

The security camera provides the following features:

  • It can either sweep back and forth between two angles or remain stationary.
  • If the camera sees the player, it initially plays a short alert sound that is silent to nearby guards. If the player is still in view several seconds later, another alarm sounds. This alarm will play intermittently for a while, even if the player moves out of sight. This second alarm will alert nearby guards.
  • An optional spotlight that points forward, lighting the area in the direction the camera faces.
  • The ability to toggle the camera power on/off by triggering it. Alternatively, the 3 features above can be toggled individually.
  • If the camera has targets, these will be activated when the camera is fully alerted. This gives the map author the ability to play a more powerful alarm than the one given off by the camera. (Or to do a variety of other things.)
  • Sending what it sees to a separate, func_static display screen. Alternatively, it can send what another entity (typically a target_null) sees.


The Security Camera: Entities and Prefabs

Security camera entities can be found in AI/Machines/Security Camera and inherit from func_securitycamera. Prefabs can be found in Mechanical/Machines.

Place the camera entity in your map, and orient it toward its starting direction. A rotating camera will sweep clockwise, halt a moment, then sweep back counter-clockwise.

Some cameras may be designed to use additional parts, i.e. a ceiling pivot entity with scripted gears. See the entity descriptions inside DR for more.


Spawnargs

Movement Spawnargs

  • "rotate" - If "1" (default) the camera will rotate. If "0", the camera is stationary.
  • "sweepSpeed" - How many seconds it takes a rotating camera to complete a sweep in one direction.
  • "sweepAngle" - The angle of sweep. You can cause a camera to initially sweep in the counter-clockwise direction by setting this to a negative number.
  • "sweepWait" - How long the pause is after a sweep completes and starting the return sweep. Default is 0.5 seconds.


Detection Spawnargs

  • "scanDist" - The distance limit for spotting the player.
  • "scanFov" - The camera's field of view.
  • "seePlayer" - Whether the camera will react to the player.
  • "sightTime" - After seeing the player (partial alert), the camera will wait this amount of time. If it still sees the player, it will sound the alarm. This gives the player some time to hide.
  • "sightResume" - If the camera can't see the player anymore after a partial alert, pause for this amount of time. When this expires, the camera will resume sweeping.
  • "wait" - How long the camera will stay fully alerted and play the alarm. If the player is still visible at the end of this time, the clock will start over again.
  • "alarm_interval" - Amount of time inbetween each activation of the alarm sound, when fully alerted.


Spotlight Spawnargs

If "spotLight" is set to 1, the security camera's code will spawn a spotlight and align it with its view. This dates back to the Doom3 days, so it follows different rules from the def_attach systems. If "useColors" is enabled, the spotlight's color will change depending on alert state. Otherwise it will look for a "_color" spawnarg on the camera.

  • "spotLight" - If "1" the camera will spawn a spotlight.
  • "spotlight_range" - Reach of the spotlight.
  • "spotlight_diameter" - Diameter of the spotlight's projection.
  • "spotlight_texture" - Texture used by the spotlight. You should use a texture that's designed for projected lights: one that uses a gradient as its falloff image. This ensures that light intensity gradually fades to black, rather than abruptly cutting to black.


Color Spawnargs

  • "useColors" - If "1" the camera will change the colour of its model and spotlight depending on its alert state.
  • "color_sweeping" - Color when the camera is sweeping = unalerted. Default green.
  • "color_sighted" - Color when the camera has noticed the player = partially alerted. Default yellow.
  • "color_alerted" - Color when the camera has sounded the alarm = fully alerted. Default red.
  • "_color" - If "useColors" is disabled, the model and spotlight will always have this color.

As an alternative or complement to color spawnargs, you may make use of shaderParm7 in materials used by the security camera. shaderParm7 represents the alert state of the camera:

  • 0 = unalerted
  • 1 = was partially alerted for "sightTime" seconds but player has disappeared, now waiting "sightResume" seconds before resuming sweeping.
  • 2 = partially alerted
  • 3 = fully alerted


Damage Spawnargs

  • "health" - Cameras can be 'killed', including by swords, broadhead arrows and fire arrows, but not blackjacks. You may protect (parts of) the camera from damage with nodrawsolid brushes, but note that fire arrows only do 30 splash damage, equivalent to 1 broadhead hit.
  • "fx_damage" - Fx to play whenever the camera is damaged.
  • "fx_destroyed" - Fx to play whenever the camera is destroyed.
  • "break_up_script" - This script is called when the camera is destroyed.


Sound Spawnargs

  • "snd_sight" - Sound emitted when the camera notices the player.
  • "snd_moving" - Sound emitted when the camera is rotating.
  • "snd_stationary" - Sound emitted by a stationary type of camera.
  • "snd_alert" - Alarm sound emitted when fully alerted.
  • "snd_end" - Sound emitted when the camera is about to reach the end point of a sweep.
  • "snd_death" - Sound emitted when the camera is destroyed.
  • "snd_sparks" - Sound emitted when the camera emits sparks after it was destroyed.
  • "sprS_alert" - How far snd_alert propagates to AIs, at default this is a few rooms. Higher settings than mild can cause large framedrops.


Sparks Spawnargs

The security camera spawns a particle emitter when it's destroyed. By default it uses a single-cycle spark particle which is periodically triggered at random intervals. When power to the camera is switched off, the sparks stop appearing.

  • "sparks" - Whether to spawn a particle emitter at all.
  • "sparks_particle" - Particle that is spawned.
  • "sparks_delay" - Time taken for the particle emitter to spawn initially.
  • "sparks_power_dependent" - Only show the particle if power to the (dead) camera is on.
  • "sparks_periodic" - Set to '0' if you use a looping particle and sound. For single-cycle particles and sounds, set to '1' so that they are regularly triggered.
  • "sparks_interval" - For non-looping particles, minimum time between triggers.
  • "sparks_interval_rand" - For non-looping particles, additional random factor added to the time between triggers.


Model Spawnargs

These spawnargs are important if you change the camera model:

  • "broken" - Use this model when the camera is destroyed.
  • "clipmodel" - Assign a simplified collision mesh to this camera. Should be under 32 tris, have only convex angles and use textures/common/collision.
  • "viewOffset" - A vector that defines the offset of the camera's 'eye' from the camera's origin.
  • "lightOffset" - A vector that defines the spotlight offset from the camera's origin.
  • "flipAxis" - This and the next spawnarg can be used to turn a model such that it faces forwards. Not needed if the model was created forward-facing.
  • "modelAxis"
  • "skin" - This is the "on" skin. It may contain materials that make use of the colored keyword or shaderParm7, to change depending on alert state.
  • "skin_on_spotlight_off" - This is the "on" skin, but with the spotlight toggled off. This is useful if your model contains inbuilt lightrays that should represent the spotlight.
  • "skin_off" - This is the "off" skin. It should not contain materials with the colored keyword or shaderParm7.
  • "skin_broken" - When the camera is destroyed it will switch to this skin.


Misc Spawnargs

  • "start_on" - Whether the camera starts powered on or off.
  • "cameraTarget" - Use the view from this entity instead of from self if sending a view to the display screen. See section The Display Screen for more.

The security camera uses spawnargs to place its 'eye' and spotlight in front of the model to ensure the view and spotlight aren't blocked by the model. If you use a different model, you might need to change these.

  • "lightOffset"
  • "viewOffset"


Damaging the Camera

By default the security camera is vulnerable to sword attacks, broadhead arrows and fire arrows. The player will receive feedback that a hit was successful in the form of spark effects, specified in "fx_damage" and "fx_destroyed" spawnargs. An .fx definiton is basically an instruction to emit a sequence of particles and sounds.

You can easily make the camera immune to everything but fire arrow splash damage by binding a tight-fitting nodrawsolid_metal brush. Be sure to consider that the camera may be using a separate clipmodel with a different shape. Note that fire arrows only do 30 splash damage throughout a large radius, so you may want to lower the camera's health.

A similar approach is to bind a brush that leaves parts of the camera exposed, i.e. the lens or face. Note that it will weaken fire arrows considerably if they hit the brush.

Unfortunately it does not appear to be possible to make water damage the camera, since TDM will crash upon load when a water response is applied to the camera.

In any case, be sure to communicate the camera's vulnerabilities to the player.


Scripting

Script Functions

The security camera supports the following global script functions:

  • getSecurityCameraState() - Returns the security camera's state. 1 = unalerted, 2 = partially alerted, 3 = fully alerted, 4 = inactive (power off), 5 = destroyed, 0 = not a security camera.
  • getShaderParm(7) - Returns the current value of shaderParm7 on the camera model. 0 = unalerted, 1 = about to resume sweep after a partial alert, 2 = partially alerted, 3 = fully alerted.
  • activate() and trigger() - These activate or deactivate the camera fully, representing switching power on or off.


Not supported:

  • getHealth() - this only works on AIs and the player.


Object Functions

With the correct setup, you can also access object functions from the tdm_security_camera scriptobject:

  • toggleSCSpotlight() - toggle the spotlight on or off. Sets skin to "skin_on_spotlight_off" if appropriate.
  • toggleSCSweep() - toggle the spotlight between sweeping or being stationary.
  • toggleSCPlayer() - toggle whether the camera reacts to the player.

The easiest way to call object functions is by triggering atdm:target_callobjectfunction entities. To do so:

  1. create an atdm:target_callobjectfunction entity
  2. give it the spawnarg "call" with the name of the desired object function, i.e. "toggleSCSpotlight"
  3. let it target the security camera
  4. when desired, trigger this entity (from a script, from a button etc.).


Upon Destruction

You may call a script when the camera is destroyed, as per the "break_up_script" spawnarg. This script should be able to receive the name of the destroyed security camera as input, i.e.:

void camera_destroyed ( entity camera )


Sending the camera's view to a Display Screen

You can create a display screen that shows that the camera sees: all that's needed is a func_static patch that uses a texture like textures/common/camera/camera1. It's recommended to put another patch behind it, since this func_static will get hidden if it's switched off. The screen then needs to be given a spawnarg "cameraTarget" that names either a security camera or a different entity, typically a target_null. The screen will display what that entity sees.

To change the screen's field of view, apply the spawnargs "cameraFovX" and "cameraFovY" to the entity sending the view. Otherwise it will default to "scanFov" for security cameras or 120 for other entities.

The screen is hidden or shown automatically if the screen is displaying a security camera's view. The screen can also be switched on/off manually by triggering it, but this requires the screen to start with the spawnarg "hide" "0" or "hide" "1".


Multiple Display Screens / Reflective Water / Skybox

If you plan to have multiple security cameras sending to multiple display screens in your mission, or if the camera display will appear in the same player POV as the sky or reflective water surfaces, you'll need to use unique camera materials for each screen. You can find 9 additional camera materials in the textures/common/camera/ folder. If you should need even more, you can simply clone one of the materials and change the name after the map keyword.

Examining a Test Map

You can obtain a test map with sample cameras in it here: camerawiki.pk4.

Open the map camerawiki.map in Dark Radiant. In this map, we have examples of the different cameras.

cam1

A rotating camera that sweeps back and forth

This camera (cam1) starts its rotation at 135 degrees (assuming +X is 0 degrees), and sweeps clockwise until it reaches 45 degrees. It pauses for a moment, then return-sweeps back to 135 degrees. It has a spotlight.

The display for cam1 is on the wall behind it. (Don't worry about the material being displayed backward.)

The display patch uses a custom material camera1 (provided in the camerawiki/materials/camera.mtr file). It's custom because there are other displays in this test map.

The four buttons below the display do the following (from left to right):

  • Toggle Power - targets cam1 directly. When power is off, the display screen is hidden. You can simulate an "off" screen by making sure there's a black material behind the display. You could also place a glass material behind the display.
  • Toggle Spotlight - calls the toggleSCSpotlight() routine in the camera's scriptobject, turning the spotlight on/off
  • Toggle Player Sighting - calls the toggleSCPlayer() routine in the camera's scriptobject, turning Player detection on/off
  • Toggle Sweep - calls the toggleSCSweep() routine in the camera's scriptobject, turning camera sweep on/off
cam1's display

A stationary camera that doesn't move

cam2 and its display

This camera (cam2) is stationary, w/o a spotlight.

Its display, to its left, uses a custom material camera2 (provided in the camerawiki/materials/camera.mtr file). It's custom because there are other displays in this test map.

The two buttons below the display do the following (from left to right):

  • Toggle Power - targets cam2 directly. When power is off, the display screen is hidden.
  • Toggle Player Sighting - calls the toggleSCPlayer() routine in the camera's scriptobject, turning Player detection on/off


A camera that uses the view from another entity (typically a target_null) to show a scene on its display screen

cam3's display

This camera (cam3) is stationary, w/o a spotlight, and it doesn't spot the player. In the test map, you'll find it in the blue room. Note that the camera uses the following spawnarg:

"cameraTarget" "Cam3View"

If you look in the room where the guard is standing, you'll see a target_null named Cam3View, which provides the view to the display screen.

Look at the other spawnargs on the camera. You'll see that it doesn't rotate, it doesn't have a spotlight, and it won't spot the player.

This camera could be used for something like 'peeking through keyholes', though that functionality hasn't been tested in 2.06. It would most likely need an accompanying 'player ear' in the observed room (not yet implemented). To simulate a keyhole, the display screen would be placed inside the opening. You'd also need a companion camera looking the other way (room->hall).

The button below the display does the following

  • Toggle Power - targets cam3 directly. When power is off, the display screen is hidden.