Doors

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Written by Fidcal edit Baddcog

Quick Summary

Quick way to get an unlocked door in your map:

  • Insert one of the prefab doors complete with handles and select its skin property and click the button to change its skin appearance to whatever you want. Set any other properties you need.

Alternatively,

  • Create a door from the entity list
  • Use the "skin" spawnarg on the door to change its appearance.
  • Create a handle from the entity list
  • Add the door_handle property to the door and give it the name of the handle
  • To the door handle add the value frob_peer and use the name of the door.
  • To open clockwise, change the rotate property from 0 90 0 to 0 -90 0

Introduction

This tutorial explains how to put doors into your map using Dark Radiant, as well as adjust them and their properties.

The rest of this tutorial assumes that you have a basic understanding of using DarkRadiant. If you haven't done so, please go read the Dark Radiant Must Know Basic Intro article first.

Additionally:

  • Up, down, right, and left in Dark Radiant's top orthoview are regarded here as the standard map directions of North, South, East, and West where useful for clarity.
  • Where the term brush is used with a door it mostly also applies to a door made up of a group of brushes and/or patches.
  • Where the term door is used it often will also apply to any object you wish to rotate when frobbed, for instance an openable window, box lid, or even more exotic objects that the imaginative mapper might conceive like a signal, engine part, toy, or whatever. So long as it needs to turn or slide just a fixed amount when frobbed then return when frobbed again then the following applies.

Door types

All tangible objects in Dark Mod are entities, having either a pre-made model shape or else brush/patch(es). So there are two ways to create a door in Dark Radiant: as a model door or a textured brush door (or a hybrid of the two).

Models are ready made door objects but cannot within Dark Radiant (at the time of writing) be resized, rescaled, cropped or clipped whereas brushes are very flexible in that respect and can be worked into custom shapes for your map, including secret doors that blend into walls and other surfaces.

Most of the current door models are found in two places along with the door handles.

  • Model Viewer: doors created from here will be static in the world and have no props other than material type.

You can add any props to them to make them working doors. If nothing else it is a good place to view the different size and skin options for the doors.

  • Entity List: most of the door models can be found here. These doors have properties already assigned so they are ready to be used. Only one base door of each type is listed, create the size/hinge count door you want (2 hinge doors have a 'no hinge' skin). You can choose a skin for the door once it has been created in the editor with the "skin" spawnarg (use the model name of the door you want, taken from the model list, as its value). This is the easiest way to create a door. The same goes for door handles.

Remember also that door functions may be applied to objects other than doors, such as openable windows, drawbridges, gates, etc. In fact, anything that needs a partial rotation or slide when frobbed then return when frobbed again, such as a signal device. Lockboxes and chests use similar properties.

You can create one door/handle set and copy/paste it, but you need to take great care that all the name props are changed to match in each clone. Otherwise you get handles that fly off when a distant door moves, and handles that don't move.

Creating a Door

Put simply, to make a door you will be creating an 'entity with model' or 'entity with brush' or some variation thereof.

Creating a Model Door

There are several approaches to making a model door; the simplest is to create a door from the entity list; or create a door from the model viewer (good for static unusable prop doors).

Entity List:

  • Deselect everything in editor by hitting the Esc button
  • Right-click an ortho view and select Create Entity
  • Navigate to darkmod/movers/atdm:door_..., choose the door you want
  • Click Add
  • To change its appearance, add a "skin" spawnarg to the door, with the value being the model name of the door you want.

You now have a workable door in your level.

Model Viewer:

  • Right click in the orthoview, select Create Model then darkmod and select a door.
  • Note that you can left drag the image in the Choose Model dialog to rotate it around.
  • Click Button ok.png and you have a static door.
  • If you want to make it work (openable, frobbable) then:
    • Select the entity inspector,
    • Select the top classname line so it highlights
    • Select the func_static line in the input box below the properties window.
    • Edit func_static to atdm:mover_door
    • Click Checkmark.png or press ENTER

Alternatively you can do it the old way:

  • Create any temporary brush
  • Right click in orthoview and select Create Entity then atdm:mover_door.
  • Left lick the model name line in the entity inspector.
  • Below it on the Entity Inspector panel you should now see a button 'Choose Model'
  • Left click it, select a door model from the darkmod group.
  • Note that you can left drag the image in the Choose Model dialog to rotate it around.
  • The temporary brush was deleted.


In all three instances, you now have a working door with default properties.

Name your door by adding the prop (or modifing it) to name My_Door_1. You can use any name that you feel is appropriate but all doors with handles attached must have their own specific name. Use the name My_Door_1 for your first attempt as it will be referenced when you get around to attaching handles (see below).

To add a handle and other adjustments, see #Customising and Adjusting Door Properties below.

Creating a Textured Brush Door

Tip: If unsure of size then you might insert a temporary human AI first to get a sense of height.

The simplest brush door:

  • Drag out a new brush to the size required, eg, a seven foot high door is 84" x 1.1 = about 90 units in Dark Radiant.
  • Give it a door texture from the texture browser (or wall texture for a secret door)
  • Right click in orthoview and select Create Entity then atdm:mover_door

You now have a working door but it will rotate around its center. To move the rotation point to where you want the door hinges to be:

  • Select the door and press 'v' to enter vertex editing mode. The door's origin will show up as a small green square in the middle of the brush.
  • In top-down orthoview, move the origin from the center to the corner of the brush. This is easiest in drag mode ('q'), although you can use translate mode ('w') by manually selecting the vertex first.

Multi-brush doors:

More complex multi-brush doors can be created using the Clipper tool, CSG, etc. - this is not covered in this tutorial. Then assign atdm:mover_door for that whole brush structure. Also you can collect various brushes positioned together in relation to one another as needed, select them all, then assign atdm:mover_door for the group. All the brushes will be children of the atdm:mover_door entity and will rotate and be frobbable, etc. as one unit, as one door. To add further brushes or even model shapes later see the section on #Adding handles and other items to doors.

Name your door by adding the prop (or modifing it) to name My_Door_1. You can use any name that you feel is appropriate but all doors with handles attached must have their own specific name. Use the name My_Door_1 for your first attempt as it will be referenced when you get around to attaching handles (see below). (repeated from above in case you didn't choose to create a model door)

Double Doors

Double doors are automatically recognised by the code when the doors are spawned. The prerequisite is that both doors are sharing/touching the same visportal. The spawnarg auto_setup_double_door (which defaults to "1") will take care of setting up the open/lock peer relationship between the two doors. The doors will open/close and lock/unlock along with each other as a result.

What happens behind the scenes: the doors are adding each other to their internal open_peer and lock_peer list, which causes the double doors to perform the same action when frobbed or used.

Note that auto_setup_double_door will not set the frob_peer relationship, i.e. each door will frob-highlight on its own without highlighting the other door. You'll need to add that spawnarg manually if you want to highlight the entire double door as one.

Customising and Adjusting Door Properties

Handles, lockplates, etc. can be added to doors and door properties can be adjusted for rotation, sliding, locking, and more.

Some of the door models have hinge plates and lockboxes that are reskinnable with a good variety of skins.

Door handles and other door attachments

Summary: just add the property bind with the door's name to the attachment and position it where you want it on the door. If it's a atdm:mover_door_handle then it automatically will work as a handle but you can bind virtually anything. You can add handles and other items to doors such that they move correctly with the door whether rotating, sliding, or both and even if the door is not vertical such as a skylight or trapdoor. Handle models come in two types, single handles and double handles. A single handle is one sided, this means the handle will be inside the door or outside the door, but not both. A double handle has a lever on the inside of the door and a handle on the outside of the door. Each has benefits.

  • Single door handles:

Single door handles can be used on a static door, a door that's just for show that no AI's or the player can use. In this case you should just create a door handle from the model viewer, it will be static and have no properties such as scripts. It is for looks only. Note that TDM is trying to establish the expectation that decorative doors that cannot be opened do not have handles (though not all maps follow this).

I will call this multiple handles, see more below.

These can also be useful on brush doors created in the editor that may be very thin or very wide.

  • Double door handles:

These are models have have a handle inside and outside. The bonus is that they only use one entity. Maps are limited to about 4,000 entities but when you count lights, AI, sound speakers, ect... you can run out of entities quickly on a large map. If you plan on building a large map this is the way to go, even in a small map they have benefits, namely that you only have to attach one handle per door.

Whether you decide to use a single handle or a double handle you must first follow the instructions below and attach one handle first. If you choose a double handle, follow the instructions below and you are done. If you choose a single handle type follow the instructions then also follow the multiple handle instructions for the second handle.

Both single and double handle types can be found in two places. The model viewer which will create a static model good for show, you can manually add props to make them work OR you can look in the entity browser. Using a handle from the entity browser saves you a little bit of time as some props are already added, you just need to add the frob_peer names for the doors/handles and the door_handle name to the door.

Adding a working model door handle

Quick summary:

  • Create a model or brush handle and make it an atdm:mover_door_handle entity.
  • Position it on your door. Use the opposite side from the door's multicolor X-Y-Z indicator (highlight the door to see it) if it's not obvious which side it goes on.
  • Bind the handle to the door (bind <doorname>)
  • It should now be a working handle though may need adjustments of rotation etc. see later.


Important: read preceding section on door handle types and performance issues first.

This works with both a model door and a brush door:

Rotation:

  • By default the door handle entity rotates anti-clockwise (looked at from the front) then springs back. A double handle model is OK but two singles (see Multiple door handles below) need more care as only one is the functioning entity and the other is just attached to it. So anti-clockwise is fine for a door with its hinge on the left and the handle on the right - the handle will rotate down then spring back. If you put the functioning door handle on the other side you will have to change the default rotate property from -45 0 0 to 45 0 0. Therefore it is easier to generally put this handle on the side of the door where the hinge is on the left and the non-functioning attachment handle on the other side.
  • If your door only needs one handle, eg, a cupboard door, and from outside its hinge is on the right then you will need to change the rotate property of the handle as described above.

The functioning handle entity:

  • Create an entity door handle (movers folder) or create a brush or model handle and assign it the entity atdm:mover_door_handle.
  • Position it where you wish on your door.
  • Bind the handle to the door, by adding the "bind" spawnarg to the handle.

You now have a working door handle with default properties.

  • Multiple door handles:

Now that you've got a handle attached to one side of the door it is time to add one to the other side (unless you used a double handle).

  • Create the new handle. The single handles come in left and right persuasions. A door needs a left facing handle on one side and a right facing handle on the other, so if you have already added the left handle create a right handle and line it up on the other side of the door.
  • Name this handle. I prefer to keep a naming convention for each door and it's respective handles, it makes things alot easier. The door is named My_Door_1, the first handle is named My_Handle_1 so name the second handle My_Handle_1_1. This will make it stay with the first handle in the entity list. This is important to keep organized. If you name it My_Handle_2 then when you get to another door named My_Door_2 you'll be confused.
  • Place and bind that handle to your door.

You now have two single door handles on either side of the door that rotate together as if they were physically attached.

To add a brush to a brush door:

  • Select the new brush and the brush door all together; the entity must be selected last.
  • Use Edit -> Reparent primitives. This ensures the parent entity adopts the new item(s).
  • If you have trouble selecting them in the orthoview because other brushes, etc. get selected then try in the camera view or as a last resort move them temporarily to an open area (but keep them in the same positions relative to each other.) Use SHIFT+Click the left mouse button on new item(s) then SHIFT+Click the left mouse button on main entity. Once they are all selected, use the Edit -> Reparent primitives.

To add model static items: knockers, hinges, static handles etc. to a Model Door:

  • Select item
  • Right click in orthoview and select Create Entity then entity func_static
  • Position it where you wish on your door.
  • To synchronize this with your particular door you need to add the property bind and the individual door name to the brush entity. To do this...
    • Select the model door.
    • In the entity inspector, select the name line
    • Select the bottom line in the input box below the properties window.
    • Copy the name
    • Deselect the door with ESC
    • Select the brush entity
    • Add a property "bind" to it.
    • Change the value of the property by pasting in the door name
    • Click Checkmark.png or press ENTER

To add brush static items: knockers, hinges, static handles to a Model Door:

  • This method is not ideal but it seems to work OK.
  • Select the brush.
  • Right click in orthoview and select Create Entity then atdm:mover_door_handle
  • Position it where you wish on your door.

To synchronize this with your particular door you need to add the property door_handle on the door, and give as the value the name of the brush you just created.

This brush turns like a handle. To stop it:

  • Adding rotate 0 0 0 or disabling the handle script won't help.
  • Add a real working handle (as in the section above To add a working model door handle... and it must be added LAST.)

If you don't want too see a real working handle added maybe try another tiny brush with the handle function and hide it inside the door?

Locking Doors

To lock a door check the show inherited properties in the entity inspector for a atdm:mover_door entity and you should see the locked property. Select it and in the input box below the properties you can change its value:

  • 0 = unlocked (default)
  • 1 = locked

If locked it will require an entity that is associated with it to be able to act as a key to unlock it.

Currently door handles on locked doors will rotate when frobbed, they will bounce back though and the door will stay locked until unlocked.

Keys

Assigning specific keys to specific doors is simple.

  • It is recommended that you create an existing key entity. These keys have all required props, they just need to be named.

Alternatively you can create a key from the Model Viewer and want it to be useable

  • Make sure it has the properties:
useable 1 [so it can be used by the door]
frobable 1
inv_name <unique name>
inv_category Keys
inv_target player1
inv_icon guis/assets/hud/inventory_icons/<icon name>
inv_stackable 0 or 1 where 1 can be used on all copies of the same key so they show as one entry in the inventory with a total.

Add to the door the property used_by with the name of the key as the value. Multiple keys can open the same door by using several used_by spawnargs:

"used_by"  "doorkey_1"
"used_by1" "doorkey_2

Keys carried by AI

So you have a door and you have a guard Ai and you want the guard to be able to open/close/lock the door but you also want the player to be able to pickpocket the key. For more info on attaching key, props etc - see Attaching Props to AI.

  • "def_attach6" "atdm:prop_silverkey" //the entity to spawn - in this case a key.
  • "pos_attach6" "belt_back_right" //where the key will spawn on the Ai.
  • "name_attach6" "door_key" //this gives 'attach6' arg the name "door_key" and is the name the arg "used_by" will need, eg: "used_by" "door_key"
  • "set inv_name on door_key" "Door key" //The name the key get when the play adds it to their inventory.
  • "set name on door_key" "door_key" //here it gets a name to be used in the map in general.

Or simply:

  • load a key entity
  • position where you want it in relation to the AI, bind it to them
  • Add the spawnarg "bindToJoint" "Hips" (or other location, see AI for list)
  • adjust existing spawnargs accordingly (be sure the name and door's/chest's "used_by" match, if you aren't using a prefab chest w/key)

Master Key for Testing

By default, ALL locks can be opened by any key named key_master. Just create a key in your map, name it key_master and it becomes a master key for use while testing. Add inv_map_start 1 to it so it is in the player inventory at game start. Remember to delete it when your mission is finished.

Lockpicks

by Baddcog

There are two lock pick types.

  • s=snake
  • t=triangular

A lock can be set with many pins. Each pin has a click sequence and each needs a designated lockpick type (see above). Keep in mind that the lockpicking in The Darkmod is much more involved than in T2 or T3. The player has to listen to sounds or watch a handle or lockbar to know when a lock is pin is picked.

This means that authors can be very evil and really frustrate the player, in which case their missions will probably not be played. So be nice to the player and don't waste your time. Use simple locks for the most part and save complicated locks for important sections and to build tension. Don't make the player have 20 pins to pick all with different lockpicks. In most cases 1 or 2 pins will suffice and it isn't necessary to use both lockpicks on every lock. Also try to include a lock lever on lockboxes or chests, door handles will rotate as the pins are being picked. This gives the player visual clues to help with the picking (and essential in noisy environments where you can't hear the clicks.) IMO this system is a huge leap foward for lockpicking but also has the ability to completely frustrate the player as stated above. Keep this in mind when designing your lockpick systems.

These props go on the door itself, or the lid of a chest, eg,

  • lock_pins 1327
  • lock_picktype stts

The lock_pins property specifies how many pins each lockpicktype has. The lockpick_type property specifies how many times the player has to switch picks and which pick they have to use. You can see there must always be an equal number of lock_pins and lock_picktypes specified

So looking at the example above we have lockpick_type s(snake), t(triangular), t(triangular), and s(snake). The player will have to use these lockpicks in this order. Once the snake lockpick's pins are open the player can advance to the triangular pick and so forth. 5 is added to every click sequence so 5 is the minimum click pattern even if you set it to 0. In the example above the lockpins specify in order which pick types have how many pins, so the s pick has 1 + 5 = 6 clicks, the t pick has 8 and so on. The above is a difficult lock and to avoid annoying the player it is best only used rarely on a special lock like an important big vault door. Ordinary footlockers and common doors can be just 1 or 2 click sequences, eg, lock_pins 2 and lock_picktype t means the player uses one pick and listens for the end of one sequence of 7 clicks.

lockpick_rotate - is placed on the door. It is the amount the visible rotating handle or pin rotates while picking. For a rotating handle or lockbar normally ignore this and leave the default. During lockpicking it oscillates and progresses to the normal full turn of the handle. Example 0 45 0.

lockpick_translate - is placed on the door. It is the amount the visible handle or pin moves in a straight line while picking. Use this if you have eg, a lockbar that you want to move in a straight line and not rotate, eg sliding catch. Example 0 -5 0

By default, doors are pickable. If you don't set up the above lockpick spawnargs then it can't be picked. So there is normally no need to enable lockpicking - just set up the above spawnargs. There is a pickable spawnarg set to 1 by default. If set to 0 then the door becomes unpickable. But hard to think of an application except in testing or perhaps a special custom situation where it is switched by script perhaps.

Open, Partially Open, or Closed Door at Game Start

By default, doors are closed at game start. If you want a door to be already open or partially open then do the following.

Note well: Create all doors in their closed position. Adjust as follows and they will automatically be at the open position when game starts.

Already Open Rotating Door:

  • Select the door.
  • Select the entity inspector
  • Check show inherited properties
  • Select the open property
  • Edit the value to 1 in the input box below and tick the check button
  • The door will now be fully open at game start.
  • If you want it only partly open:
  • Make sure its open property is set to 1 as above.
  • Right click the entity inspector and select add property
  • Click the + sign on the left of the top line where atdm:mover_door is listed to open the folder. (if atdm:mover_door is not listed then the entity was likely changed from eg, func_static. If so, save the map and reload to update the add property list)
  • scroll down, select start_rotate then click Click the OK button
  • This adds it to the property list.
  • Now select start_rotate in the property list.
  • Edit the bottom line of the input box below the properties window to the angle you want in the same form as described in the Rotate Direction and Open Angle section. So for example, to have a door that has a fully open default rotate value of 0 90 0 to start only half open you would give it a start_rotate value of 0 45 0.
  • In a similar way add the property first_frob_open".
  • Set it to 1 and a partly open door should then open fully on the first frob.
  • Set it to 0 and a partly open door should close on the first frob.


Already Open Sliding Door:

  • Select the door.
  • Select the entity inspector
  • Check show inherited properties
  • Select the open property
  • Edit the value to 1 in the input box below and click Checkmark.png or press ENTER
  • The door will now be fully open at game start.
  • If you want it only partly open:
  • Right click the entity inspector and select add property
  • Make sure its open property is set to 1
  • Click the + sign on the left of the top line where atdm:mover_door is listed to open the folder.
  • scroll down, select start_position then click OK. (if atdm:mover_door is not listed then the entity was likely changed from eg, func_static. If so, save the map and reload to update the add property list)
  • This adds it to the property list.
  • Now select start_position in the property list.
  • Edit the bottom line of the input box below the properties window to the position you want in the same form as described in the Sliding (Translation) Amount and Direction section. So for example, to have a door that has a fully open default translate value of 0 50 0 to start only half open you would give it a start_position value of 0 25 0.
  • In a similar way add the property first_frob_open".
  • Set it to 1 and a partly open door should then open fully on the first frob.
  • Set it to 0 and a partly open door should close on the first frob.

Rotation Centre, Pivot, Hinge point

The centre of rotation of a door is at the origin point of its entity and the door rotates with reference to the orientation of that origin point, not the world map. See Rotate Direction... for more about that. This section only deals with the position of the rotation centre in the door.

Model Door Centre of Rotation:
The centre of rotation of a model door cannot be changed within Dark Radiant. Because a model door rotates around the centre 'spine' of its back edge this will cause clipping (penetration into solid) as in this example (where the door is set to open to 89 degrees for clarity):
ModelClipping.jpg
So care is needed with placement. You will not normally position a door right next to a wall as in the example but against a shallow frame so clipping will barely be noticeable but either way it can be fixed. You can correct it by adding a translation (see Sliding (Translation) Directions) value of half the door width in the direction of the door handle. This will gently move the door out as it rotates to clear any solid on that side as in this diagram:
DoorClip.jpg
Half a door width will typically be about 2. Any 'attachments' such as door handles will still synchronize with the door movement whether the door is rotating, sliding, or both.


Brush Door Centre of Rotation:
The centre of rotation of a brush door can be changed. The default origin point of a brush is at its centre. Therefore a default rotating brush door will rotate around its centre when you first create it. So, mappers will commonly need to move that rotation point to a corner or even to some other offset position for example, for an openable window using the door function.

Put simply, to move the rotation point of a brush door you need to move the entity origin relative to the brush(es.)

Moving the entity origin (centre of rotation) relative to a brush door:

  • Select the brush door
  • Select Vertices mode (default shortcut key is V or button on top toolbar 'Select Vertices')
  • Drag the door's entity origin to the point where you want the door to rotate. This should be on the corner on the leading edge side (the side to where the door is opening.) to avoid clipping as in this diagram....

GetCorner.jpg

  • You should now find that door rotates around that point.

Rotate Direction and Open Angle

By default, rotating doors open anti-clockwise (viewed from above) by 90 degrees from the start orientation. If you want to change this edit the rotate property in the entity inspector. Don't confuse this rotate property with the rotation property. In the entity inspector remember that to see the inherited rotate property you must check the box 'Show inherited properties'.

The three values shown in the rotate property are degrees from the closed position around Y Z X (absolute map axes Front, Top, Side views in DR's ortho view.)

  • Positive Y = Open clockwise (Dark Radiant grid front view, looking north)
  • Negative Y = Open anti-clockwise (Dark Radiant grid front view, looking north)
  • Positive Z = Open anti-clockwise (Dark Radiant grid top view, looking down)
  • Negative Z = Open clockwise (Dark Radiant grid top view, looking down)
  • Positive X = Open anti-clockwise (Dark Radiant grid side view, looking west)
  • Negative X = Open clockwise (Dark Radiant grid side view, looking west)

There is a problem when you come to rotations that are not around the main Y Z X axes of the map, for instance a drawbridge that lowers down to the south east. You might think you can combine Y Z X values to get the result you want - and this can be done (for south east use 45 45 90) but it is a bit of a kludge and the drawbridge twists eccentrically as it lowers (though it arrives correctly!)

The values are in the range -179 to +180. Positive values give an anti-clockwise opening rotation (looking down from above) and negative values give a clockwise opening rotation. The value 180 is unique in that it continues in an anti-clockwise rotation when closing rather than returning clockwise so might be used if you can think of some object that might need such a motion when frobbed!

Edit the rotate value by selecting it and using the input box at the bottom and clicking the check(tick) button. That will change the angle the door will open to. Note that the line with the original default of 0 90 0 will still be there but your new entry will be added on a separate line and that is the one that will work in the game. CAUTION: when adjusting later make sure you have your new line selected and not the original! If you do it will appear to change but your first setting will remain unaltered.

Examples:

  • 0 90 0 = Opens anti-clockwise round the entity's 'vertical' to 90 degrees - typical default vertical door.
  • 0 0 90 = Lowers a drawbridge from the entity 'vertical' to horizontal.
  • 0 0 -45 = Opens clockwise by 45 degrees viewed from the east side. This might suit a skylight in a sloping roof.

'rotate' cannot be combined with translate motions (see #Sliding (Translation) Amount and Direction) in one door; you need to bind one door to another and link they by targetting one to the other. By that means you can produce exotic and useful motions. A door opening against an upward-sloping floor can thus have a lifting hinge and raise up slightly to clear the floor; a door can rotate towards you and slide back to one side very effectively.

Sliding (Translation) Amount and Direction

By default a Dark Mod door will rotate open. For most sliding doors you want to stop them rotating as well as make them slide. You cannot delete (remove) the rotate property - you have to set the rotate property to 0 0 0 to stop a door rotating (see Rotate Direction and Open Angle.)

Now edit the translate property value by selecting it (remember to have inherited properties box checked) and using the input box at the bottom and clicking the check(tick) button. That will change the distance the door will slide to. Note that the line with the original default of 0 0 0 will still be there but your new entry will be added on a separate line and that is the one that will work in the game. CAUTION: when adjusting later make sure you have your new line selected and not the original! If you do it will appear to change but your first setting will remain unaltered.

Typically (but not always) you will want your sliding door to slide the width of the door. The three values in the translate property by default are 0 0 0 and are X Y Z absolute map values (irrespective of door orientation) where:

  • Positive X = Slide East (Right side of Dark Radiant grid in top view)
  • Negative X = Slide West (Left side of Dark Radiant grid in top view)
  • Positive Y = Slide North (top of Dark Radiant grid in top view)
  • Negative Y = Slide South (bottom of Dark Radiant grid in top view)
  • Positive Z = Slide Up (Top of Dark Radiant grid in side views)
  • Negative Z = Slide Down (Bottom of Dark Radiant grid in side views)

So for a 50 unit wide door you want to slide fully to the east you would use 50 0 0 for the translate property values. A 100 unit portcullis sliding vertically up would need 0 0 100 to be fully raised.

Doors Collision/Push Behaviour

Doors push all entities by default, except for the player. Doors will also stop moving when anything blocks their movement. However, this default behaviour can be changed by setting appropriate spawnargs:

Set push_player to 1 to let the player be pushed by this door:

"push_player"  "1"  // Push the player too (default is off)

By default stop_when_blocked is set to 1 and if a door is blocked by an entity then even if the entity is removed afterwards, the door stays where it is. The next frob will close the door.

Set stop_when_blocked to 0 to prevent the door from ending the opening sequence when anything blocks its way. It will still pause - but continue to open if the block is removed.

"stop_when_blocked"   "0"  // door keeps moving after being blocked (default is off)

With this setting, doors will still stop at blocking entities (the player, for instance), but will continue to move when the entity moves out of the way.

There is another spawnarg which stops a door pushing a moveable. Apply this to the moveable, not the door...

"notPushable"   "1"

Door Sounds

There are multiple ways to put sounds on doors.

snd_open
Sound is triggered as the door begins to open.

snd_opened
Sound is triggered when the door finishes opening. Defaults to "nosound".

snd_move
The sound plays while the door moves. Defaults to "nosound".

snd_close
Sound is triggered as the door finishes closing.

The following sounds should be left on the default sound in most cases so players clearly know what is going on:

snd_locked
The sound played when a player or an AI tries to open a locked door.

snd_unlock string
The sound played when a door is unlocked.

You can silence any of these sounds by setting the following properties as shown:

snd_open nosound
snd_close nosound

Don't just use a dash - as it seems to cause a sound of its own.

Sound Propagation through Doors and Doorways

This information will change significantly with the release of 2.0. See Controlling Sound Loss Across Portals


The sound volume reduction to the player (ie, the sound the player hears) is fixed and constant in a cvar which adds a distance factor to the original sound. It is recommended that you do not change that because it will affect other FMs. Currently there is no way to change the way that sound to the player is reduced through doors and doorways.


Sound propagation to AI, eg, impact sounds or guard yells is treated separately:

Sound propagation to AI relies on visportals. For details study Sound Propagation: Part 1 and Sound Propagation: Part 2 as well as Visportals This tutorial will just cover the relevant sound and sound propagation properties of doors. If you set the show inherited properties box in the entity inspector you can see them as described here.

Remember, the following have no effect on what the player hears through a door or doorway.

loss_open
Drop in sound volume in dB propagated to AI (not player) when going through an open door. (default 1dB)

loss_closed
Drop in sound volume in dB propagated to AI (not player) when going through a closed door. (default 15dB) You would want to set this very high to block all sound with a thick door but very low for a barred gate for example.

loss_double_open
Drop in sound volume in dB propagated to AI (not player) when going through double doors when only one is open. (default 1dB)

There are also various sound properties for lockpicking:
snd_lockpick_pin_1 through 14 and snd_lockpick_pin_success

Speed of Door Opening and Closing

Rotating Door Speed:
At the time of writing, the time a rotating door takes to open or close is set in the move_time property whatever its maximum open angle. So with rotation set at say 150 degrees the door just opens faster than at say 80 degrees. This is likely to be changed to a constant angular velocity so check to see if there a new property added if the following no longer works. The problem is that if an interruptable (see Extra Notes) door is frobbed while in motion it stops; another frob will reverse the motion - so even if the door is only open a crack it will still take the full time to close and vice versa.

To change the time a rotating door takes to open or close, make sure the door is selected then...

  • Right click the entity inspector and check show inherited properties
  • Scroll down, select move_time
  • Edit the second line of the input box below the properties window to the time you want.
  • The time is in seconds and decimal fractions can be used.
  • The default is 1 second and if set to this then the door opens and closes in one second whatever the maximum open angle, great or small.


Sliding Door Speed:
The speed of a sliding door is set in the translate_speed property. To add this, make sure the door is selected then...

  • Right click the entity inspector and check show inherited properties
  • Scroll down, select translate_speed
  • Edit the second line of the input box below the properties window to the speed you want.
  • The speed is in Dark Radiant grid units per second.
  • The default is 0 and if set to this then the door slides open in one second whatever the distance, great or small.
  • CAUTION: If you later change the door back to a rotating door then delete the translate_speed property or ensure it is set to 0 as (at the time of writing but this will be fixed) a bug makes rotating doors open and close instantly. (Note: you can still mix sliding with rotating but check - this bug might only be if translate is set to 0 0 0)

Visportals and Doors

A visportal face surrounded by solid at its edges and in contact with a door is closed when the door is closed and enabled when the door is open. In most cases you will place a visportal in contact with a working door unless you can see through the door (such as a true glass door or barred gate*.) For full details see Visportals.

*As of 2.0 it is possible to make visportals that remain transparent when closed for gates and windows. See Controlling Sound Loss Across Portals

Auto-Closing/Opening Doors

Doors that automatically close after being open for some time are easy to setup: Each frobmover entity supports these spawnargs:

"auto_close_time"
Set this to something >= 0 to let the mover automatically close (again) after this time when being fully opened (measured in seconds). Defaults to -1, which means 'do not autoclose'. The event is also activated when the mover starts at the open position at map start.
"auto_open_time"
"Set this to something >= 0 to let the mover automatically open (again) after this time when being fully closed (measured in seconds). Defaults to -1, which means 'do not autoopen'. The event is also activated when the mover starts at the closed position at map start.

Old text:

Note that auto-closing doors and AI closing doors behind them, is very much work in progress at the time of writing, so for now, this is another method that works. Check first if true AI closing of doors is working yet before bothering with this!

I have one door that I particularly want the AI to close as there is a bit of frame lag inside if not. So I set this up and it works good as an auto-closing door - not as good as a true AI closing door as it will auto close when the player goes through as well but it does look very effective to see AI going through and closing the door behind them. Not tested exhaustively so I don't know if there could be any downside. Here's what to do....

First a quick summary to make it more clear:

A trigger_relay is used both as a relay AND carries a stim. We put the trigger_relay with its stim in the path of the open door. The door has a response property. When it opens and contacts the stim its response is to send a signal back to the relay. The relay pauses then closes the door...

  • First, optionally give your door a suitable name like autodoor1, whatever.
  • Copy that name to the clipboard.

Next we need a relay with a delay:

  • Create entity > darkmod > trigger_relay
  • Place it roughly at the position the door will be at when open and to be on the safe side 3/4th of the way to the far end of the door (not the hinge end) to give max distance from the close door.
  • Add the property 'target' and paste in the door name you just copied.
  • Give the relay itself a name, eg, autoDoor_relay_1, and copy that name to the clipboard, you'll need that too in a bit.
  • Add the property delay and the value 3 - this is the delay in seconds before the door will close; 3 seems about right but 2 might be worth a try because to that 3 is added a random value between 0 to 0.5 seconds from the Time Interval we entered for the stim firings.
  • Add the property 'wait' and the value 3. This is the time before it can work again in seconds. If you set it too low then in theory the door might trigger again but in this situation I don't think it's possible. Too long, eg, one minute, and it won't work if the AI goes back through the door before then. If this value is -1 then the whole thing will only work ONCE so might be used for an AI who goes through once, closes it behind him, but you don't want it to be an autodoor thereafter.


That's the relay, now we add a stim to it:

  • Custom stim tab.
  • Click Add stim type, select the new custom stim type you just made at the bottom of the list and type in eg, autoDoorStim at top right in the input box.
  • Click the stim tab and the little drop down arrow against the 'type' selector at bottom left and you should see your new custom stim name. Select it.
  • Select the new autoDoorStim in the list and on the right you need only type in the radius box 15.0 There is quite a lot of room for error. I had it working on 10 and also on 25. The value should be less than the distance to the closed door else it will trigger open! But no so small that the door might not reach it.
  • Select the check box for Time Interval and enter 500 (millisecs.) This is so it doesn't keep firing more frequently than is necessary. This stim will be firing all through your mission whether the door is used or not so if you had dozens of these then maybe it would affect performance. Too big a number and there may be a long delay before the door shuts - but it will be random depending on the next time the stim happens to fire. We'll control the delay we want more precisely later.
  • Click Click the OK button to confirm it.


That's the stim set up, now for the response to it which is put on the door....

  • Click the little drop down arrow against the 'type' selector at bottom left and you should see your new custom stim name. Select it.
  • Right click in the big Response Effects box on the bottom right of the panel.
  • Add New Effect and you should get a default 'Activate Response' response added to the list. Double click it.
  • In the Effect selector at the stop select 'Trigger'
  • in the Target box, paste in the name of the relay you copied or you can select it from the list at the little arrow.
  • Leave the Activator box empty.
  • Click Button apply.png and then Click the OK button on the main S & R panel bottom right.

It should now work. No need to wait for an AI, just frob the door and watch it close itself. If not, check the position of the stim brush is close to where the door stops when open.

AI Door management

See also #Keys_carried_by_AI above.

By default AI will open doors and close them behind them. Here are some spawnargs the mapper can use to modify that behaviour:

"ai_should_not_handle" 
If set to 1, AI will not attempt to handle it and add it to the forbidden areas when closed (so that it doesn't try to path through). They might still walk through the door when it is open though. Useful if you have some special use door that you don't want the AI to operate.
"ai_should_not_close" 
If set to 1, AI will not close the door behind them unless it obstructs them.
"canRemainOpen" 
If set to 1, it's the same as "ai_should_not_close, with the added behavior that this is ignored if the door needs to be relocked, or the door is marked "shouldBeClosed". (This spawnarg is available starting in TDM 2.02.)


To get AI to unlock/relock specific doors there are two methods currently:

1. add the following spawnarg/value to the AI:

"can_unlock1" <doorname>

Do NOT use can_unlock_1.

For additional doors on the same AI use can_unlock2 doorname etc.


2. In the editor position an actual key that works for that door on the AI and also add to the key bind <AIname> and also bindToJoint LeftHips_Dummy (see other joints names elsewhere in wiki.) Currently, if the player pickpockets the key then the AI seeks an alternate route but otherwise does nothing (?) This may be upgraded in the future to better strategies.

3. There is the possibility in the future of an additional method which would just use special attach spawnargs to make the above easier. The key would spawn at the correct position at game start. Watch this space.


Door Handling Positions

It is also possible to set custom door handling positions for the AI. This is especially useful when the standard routine that lets the AI choose their standing positions while opening and closing the door fails, leaving them standing still, or circling around in front of the door helplessly.

Place a movers > atdm:door_handling_position entity where you want the AI to stand while opening/closing the door from this side.

On the door, you need to set the spawnarg "door_handle_position" "name_of_door_handling_position". You can also place a door_handling_position on each side of the door, and the AI will automatically choose the right one. In this case, you need to set spawnargs with "door_handle_position_1" etc., and the corresponding names of the door_handling_position entities on the door.

The door_handling_position entities can also carry spawnargs that define the behaviour of the AI, which are useful for example for doors that can only be opened or locked from one side:

"ai_no_open" If set to true, the AI will not try to open the door from this side (but will still walk through when the door is already open).

"ai_no_close" If set to true, the AI will not attempt to close the door from this side.

"ai_no_unlock" If set true, the AI will not be able to unlock the door from this side, but still use it when it is not locked.

"ai_no_lock" If this is set true, the AI will not lock the door from this side.

Door Controllers

Available in TDM 2.02+

You can design a door so it's operated by buttons or levers or switches (aka controllers):

1. Set up the door in the normal manner. It can be a rotating door, a sliding door, a locked door, etc.

2. Turn off the "frobable" spawnarg on the door. ("frobable" "0")

3. Create a controller on each side of the door. If you're setting up a locked door, there's no need to put any locking information on the controllers.

4. Give each controller the door as a target. (Alternatively, you can give the door these spawnargs: "door_controller1" "<name of controller 1>", "door_controller2" "<name of controller 2>".)

When the game starts, it will transfer any locking information from the door to the controllers.

Both the player and any AI that wants to use the door will use the controllers to operate it. Any key, "can_unlock", or lockpick settings you would normally use at the door are now used at the controllers.

Controllers and door_handling_position entities can be used on the same door, but in that situation the door_handling_position entities don't define where the AI stands to operate the door. They simply provide the "ai_no_*" spawnargs that define AI behavior on each side of the door.

You may have a controller on only one side of the door. Note that, since the door is not frobable, the player and the AIs won't be able to operate the door from the non-controller side, even if that side has a door_handling_position entity.

AI locking doors behind them

If one AI is involved (no one else is in the queue), he'll lock it behind him if he had to unlock it in the first place.

Prior to TDM 1.08, if more than one AI is using the door at the same time (there's a queue), the first AI unlocks the door, and the last AI through will only lock it if it's marked "should_always_be_locked" AND they have a "can_unlock" for that door or they have a key for that door. The last AI to use the door doesn't know that the first AI found it locked, because that info is kept per AI, and not per door.

Starting in TDM 1.08, if the first AI in a door queue found the door locked, that information is remembered by the door and the last AI through uses it to relock the door, as long as they have a "can_unlock" for that door or they have a key for that door.

In the rare case where a door is set up to use door-handling position entities (necessary for AI to use sliding doors), either or both of those entities can have the "ai_no_lock" spawnarg, which means AI aren't allowed to lock the door from that side.

Doors as Triggers

by Ishtvan & greebo

Doors (or any binary frob mover, buttons, levers, etc) now have the option to trigger their target on closing or opening. (For definition purposes, a button is defined as "closed" in the state when it starts out and "open" in the state you press it down to. I know that's a little non-intuitive, but it came from deriving from doors).

New spawnargs on frob movers:

"trigger_on_open" 
If set to 1, this binary mover will trigger its targets when it starts out completely closed and is opened.
"trigger_when_opened"
If set to 1, this binary mover will trigger its targets when it is completely opened. Code defaults to 0.
"trigger_on_close"
If set to 1, this binary mover will trigger its targets when it completely closes after being open.

Suspicious Doors

If you give a door the spawnarg "shouldBeClosed" "1", then AI will treat it as suspicious if they find the door open.

Doors with that spawnarg should work like this:

- an AI opening the door knows he's not to become suspicious if he opened the door

- nearby AI alerted by the open door will also not react if they can see the door, and can see the AI that opened it

- AI who come upon the open door later probably won't be able to see the AI that opened it, so they'll treat it as suspicious

- if the AI who opened the door comes upon the door later, and it's still open, and no one's touched it since he opened it, he'll see his name on the door and won't become suspicious. "Oh, crap. I forgot to close it earlier."

- If an AI comes upon an open door that should be closed, he should close it whether he becomes suspicious or not.

Post TDM 2.00: - AI turn to look at a door they see opening. The player can crack open a suspicious door to peek out w/o grabbing the attention of a nearby AI. After 5s, the AI will notice the cracked open door. Non-suspicious doors can be cracked open indefinitely w/o nearby AI noticing.

Slanted or Tilted Doors

Slanted or tilted doors can be made as follows:

1) Place your door, preferrably one of the prefab doors, which have a model door and model handle and all the rotation spawnargs pre-set.

2) rotate and place the door+handle model into place you want it to be. Now, if you use the door in the game, the door will rotate around the world z-axis, and not the door model z-axis (which is rotated).

3) to get the door to rotate around the door model z-axis, you must place a model (any model will do, and it can be placed anywhere in the map). Rotate the new model into the same orientation your door model was rotated, i.e. if you door is rotated 45 degrees around the x-axis, do the same rotation on the new model.

4) bind the doors on the new model. This makes the doors start rotating along the new model origin (which is rotated the same way as the doors).

5) working slanted door.

Do note, that all the rotated objects need to be models (suspicion, not tested). You can export DR built stuff into a model using the DR ase exporter script. For custom doors, remember that the exporter places the model origin at the map origin if you do not choose the "place origin in the middle of the object" option.

Also note that the AI probably cannot use slanted doors and might get stuck (suspicion, not tested).

There is a link to a test map here: http://forums.thedarkmod.com/topic/9082-newbie-darkradiant-questions/?p=395486

Skins: A Wide Variety of Door Textures

This is to remind you that as with many Dark Mod models, there is a wide range of extras skins (textures) available for door models. There are now several basic door entities of different sizes so choose your size first. Then enter the spawnarg: skin with any temporary value. Now select it and click the skin button at the bottom of Dark Radiant's Entity Inspector and you will find a large of range of skin textures from which to select to give you a choice of appearances for your door.


Extra Notes

The property interruptable determines whether a door can be stopped by frobbing while it is opening or closing. So by frobbing then frobbing again, the player can open a door to any position, eg, slightly ajar to peek through.

func_darkmod_door is no longer used (just in case you come across it in the Dark Mod forums or wiki.) atdm:mover_door is the entity to use.